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Kasimir the Great


Kasimir the Great /kasimir de grejt/


King Kasimir was born in April 1310 in Kowal as the youngest son of Władysław Łokietek and Jadwiga Bolesławówna. He had 2 brothers (they died soon) and three sisters.

When Łokietek died he was only 23. He wanted to rule as a strong king of a country with high international position. His motto was „one king, one law /lo/ and one currency /karensi/” so he introduced /yntrodjusd/ one currency called silver grosze.

He took care also of salt mines /solt majns/. He set up the National Treasury /treżeri/.

He contributed /kontribjuted/ to the creation of about 100 cities and over 1000 countries, thank to that he got money from taxes. He did it mainly in the region /ridżon/ of Podkarpacie and Świętokrzyskie.

After the reign /rejn/ of Łokietek the Polish lands were still not fully integrated /yntegrejted/ not administratively homogenous /homodżinies/, destructed /distrakted/ by the the cruel /krułel/ wars. But the ruling of Kasimir the Great coused them really integrated.

He is said to „meet Poland wooden and leave stone” because he introduced many important economical and social /sołszal/ reforms. He strenghtened /strenfend/ Poland then called „Korona”, developed cities and improved trade, craft as well as mining /majnyn/.

He died in 1370 as a consequence /konsikłens/ of a severe /siwier/ accident during hanting. He was buried /berid/ in the Cathedral /kafidral/ in Kraków.


He did not have a son so after his reign there was the end of the Piast dynasty in Poland. His heir /her/ to the throne was Ludwik Andegaweński.